The Blue Lagoon (Icelandic: "Bláa lónið") - the world's most famous geothermal spa and one of the most popular attractions in Iceland. Blue Lagoon was selected one of the 10 top spas in the world.
The Lagoon was created purely by chance. When in the '70s, Svartsengi geothermal power station started pumping out water rich in salt, algae and silica, which became a kind of calcium, the pool was generated by this lava field.
It became an attraction with locals after they found out that bathing in this water relieves on skin problems and particularly on Psoriasis. Today, in the Blue Lagoon there is a clinic and great spa that attract approximately 407 000 tourists every year. With revenues of $21 million a year and 200 employees, the Blue Lagoon is the anchor of economic stability and one of the 300 largest companies in the country.
The Blue Lagoon hot water is rich in minerals like silica and sulfur, hence the greenish-blue color of the water. The hot water is pumped from holes reaching the lagoon's soil at a depth of 2,000 meters, when the steam produced is used to supply energy to the nearby power plant. Visible smoke rising from the pool and the power plant is only the water vapor. Lagoon water temperature is about 40° on average.
The Blue Lagoon is open daily all year round. It is located a few minutes' drive from the international airport Keflavik, between the airport and Reykjavik. It will take about 40 minutes to get to Blue Lagoon from Reykjavik.
Although the Blue Lagoon is one of the most visited sites in Iceland, there is no road signs in English leading to the place. When traveling on Route 41 between Reykjavik and Keflavik try to locate the Icelandic sign that says "Bláa Lónið" or simply look for the steam rising from the lagoon and the nearby power station.
The Blue Lagoon has very strict hygiene rules. Guests need to have a shower with soap before and after entering the water. There are containers with silica mud in the lagoon that can be spread over the body. Body massage and mud treatments are not included in the entrance price, but can be purchased on site.
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