Reykjanes is a volcanic peninsula located at the southwest tip of Iceland, not far from the capital city, Reykjavik. Its considerable underground volcanic activity, vast lava fields and minority of plants characterize the peninsula. For those arriving for the first time in Keflavik Airport, the journey across the Reykjanes peninsula reveals a desolate lunar and basalt landscape, somewhat alienated with volcanic natural wonders. One of the most prominent things in this diverse landscaped journey is the absence of trees, and a great way to keep passengers occupied during their trip from the airport to Reykjavik is to try to count how many trees they see on the way.
Along the Reykjanes peninsula, the Earth's crust is very thin and volcanic activity takes place very close to the surface. This rocky peninsula boasts a mesmerizing beauty, probably completely different from anything you've ever seen before. The region offers a number of major attractions that include the world-famous Blue Lagoon spa, display of a Viking ship and Svartsengi Geothermal Power Plant that are all conveniently located just a few minutes' drive from Keflavik International Airport.
Svartsengi Geothermal Power Plant is located near the town of Keflavik, not far from the international airport. As of December 2007, the station produces 76.5 MW of energy and 475 liters of water per second at a temperature of 90 ° degrees. Excess water from the station is rich in minerals and used for filling the popular Blue Lagoon resort.
Krýsuvík, known for its geothermal activity, is located in south Reykjanes and on the Mid-Atlantic ridge, which diagonally crosses Iceland from the southwest to the northeast. Krýsuvík is one of the areas with the highest surface temperature Iceland. Visitors explore the area on wooden walkways that lay between the hot sulfur springs and bubbling pits of boiling mud.
The Reykjanes peninsula lies exactly on the connection of the Eurasian and North American plates. These plates drift apart every year, meaning that the territory of Iceland actually grown several centimeters per year. A pedestrian bridge has been erected over one of the plates' cracks, providing clear evidence of the gap presence between these tectonic plates. The bridge was built as a symbol of connection between Europe and North America. You can cross the bridge "Leif the Lucky's" and at the Reykjanes Information Center, receive a personal certificate, that confirms your crossing and as a souvenir of this unique and unforgettable experience.
The bridge is located 7 km south of Hafnir on route 425.
The oldest lighthouse in Iceland and according to many, the most beautiful one. The lighthouse was built in 1907 and rises to a height of 26 meters. The lighthouse marks the most southwestern point of the Reykjanes peninsula.
In 1995 the towns of Keflavík, Njarðvík and Hafnir merged into one municipal entity named Reykjanesbær. Keflavík is the main town in Reykjanesbær and home to Iceland's international airport. Today there are around 14,000 residents living in Reykjanesbær. Previously a large US Navy base was stationed there, which provided employment to most local residents. Currently Reykjanesbær serves as an innovative and advanced education community.
Grindavík is a small fishing village, like most of the towns in Iceland, located in the southern part of the Reykjanes peninsula. This is one of the port towns found on this coast. Most of the 3,000 residents engage in the fishing industry. The Blue Lagoon, one of Iceland's most renowned attractions, is located 4 km from the town center.